Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK and because it develops slowly there may be no signs you have it in the early stages.
Symptoms often become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine form the bladder to the penis – the urethra.
While most prostate tumours are slow-growing, they can sometimes grow quickly and spread to other parts of the body, causing different types of symptoms.
It’s not known exactly what causes prostate cancer, but a number of things can increase your risk of developing the condition, according to the NHS.
Prostate cancer symptoms: Six factors that can increase risk of the disease developing
It’s not known exactly what causes prostate cancer, but a number of things can increase your risk of developing the condition
The health body says these include:
It adds: “In addition, some research has shown that prostate cancer rates appear to be lower in men who eat foods containing certain nutrients including lycopene, found in cooked tomatoes and other red fruit, and selenium, found in brazil nuts. However, more research is needed.”
Prostate cancer symptoms: Men over the age of 50 are more at risk
Prostate cancer symptoms: Needing to urinate more often is one of the signs
Bupa states there are eight early symptoms to look for and four that indicate the cancer has spread outside your prostate.
As the cancer progresses it can cause the following symptoms:
But if the cancer has spread outside your prostate, other symptoms can develop:
Prostate cancer symptoms: Men who regularly exercise have been found to be at lower risk
Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend on the severity of your symptoms – if your symptoms are mild you may be advised to make lifestyle changes such as drinking less alcohol and exercising regularly.
For many men with prostate cancer, no treatment will be necessary, just active surveillance will be required.
If prostate cancer does progress, and depending on the individual circumstance, a cancer care team will be best to advise what treatment is available.