Tough-talking Liberal cabinet ministers are delivering a collective message that Canada will “stay strong” to defend the country’s interests in the face of escalating trade tensions with the United States.
The economic fallout from trade disputes is top of mind for ministers holding a two-day winter retreat in London, Ont., after Canadian stocks and the dollar fell Wednesday on reports the U.S. is increasingly likely to withdraw from NAFTA.
Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said today it’s “no secret” the U.S. could signal its intent to withdraw from the agreement, since U.S. President Donald Trump has made that publicly known even before talks began.
She said the government takes the U.S. at its word, and is treating the threat seriously.
“Our approach from the start has been to hope for the best but prepare for the worst. So Canada is prepared for every eventuality,” she said. “That is a whole-of-government operation.”
Freeland said Canada will enter the sixth round of NAFTA talks, to be held in Montreal Jan. 23 to 28, with a spirit of good will, and says it’s “absolutely possible” to have a positive outcome. Many of the bread-and-butter, business chapters are reaching a closing stage, and officials are developing new, creative ideas to respond to “unconventional” U.S. proposals, she said.
Withdrawal from NAFTA could take place six months after a country provides written notice of its intent.
Freeland insisted NAFTA talks are on a separate track from the ongoing dispute with the U.S. over softwood lumber.
Softwood lumber dispute
This week, Canada launched a wide-ranging, 32-page complaint to the World Trade Organization (WTO) against the U.S., challenging American anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties.
International Trade Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne said Canada will remain solution-oriented and constructive in its trade talks, but said the WTO complaint sends a clear message of “firmness” in Canada’s approach.
“I think the American colleagues also understand when you stand strong and sending a message that says we will stand up for the forestry industry, we will stand up for our aerospace industry, we’ll stand up for Canadian workers,” he said. “You get respect. When people see that you’re firm, you get respect.”
Champagne said taking a strong stand is what the public expects.
“They want their Canadian government to stand firm. They want to engage, they want us to be constructive, but they want us to also be standing firm to defend Canadian workers, the forestry industry in particular, the aerospace industry have been subject to unfair duties and this is sending a message and I think it’s important we will be there to defend obviously, our workers.”
As Canada prepares for a possible U.S. pullout from NAFTA, it will continue an aggressive outreach plan that includes meetings with state governors and lawmakers in Washington.
But the potential financial fallout was flagged in the markets yesterday, where stocks dropped and the Canadian dollar weakened with reports of heightened uncertainty over the fate of NAFTA,
Finance Minister BIll Morneau wouldn’t speculate on outcomes, but he insisted any agreement must be in Canada’s best interests.
“I know what we are trying to achieve is improvement in NAFTA. I know that’s better for Canada and we’ll continue down that path,” he said.